Two countries whose decades of tension mean they currently refuse to play bilateral series against one another, but who can't avoid meeting when the governing body plots out a tournament. Pundits and predictions andapplications to fill the 25, seats. But when the match-up gets underway in Manchester there is nothing but India's pretty, perfect machine. Everyone talks about pressure.
See also: India—Pakistan relations The Partition of British India in that led to the creation of independent Indian and Pakistani states was characterised by bloody conflict between ethnic groups that left one million people dead and led to the mass-migration of an estimated ten million people to the nation of their choice.
The legacy of Partition and subsequent territorial disputes have helped create intense rivalries in field hockey , association football and especially in cricket , which had been developed during British colonial rule and is the most popular sport in both nations.
Their tour of India later the same year saw the team play their first Test matches. They lost the first Test in Delhi to India, but won the second Test in Lucknow , which led to an angry reaction from the home crowd against the Indian players.
India clinched the Test series after winning the third Test in Bombay , but the intense pressure affected the players of both teams to the point that they pursued mainly defensive tactics that led to drawn matches and whole series without a victory.
When India toured Pakistan in , thousands of Indian fans were granted visas to go to the Pakistani city of Lahore to watch the Test match. But both the series and Pakistan's tour of India in ended in a drawn series with no Test yielding a winner or loser. Complaints about the fairness of umpires also became routine.
The Indo-Pakistani War of and subsequent War of put hold on India—Pakistan cricket that lasted till , when India toured Pakistan and cricket resumed for a brief period. In the post period, politics became a direct factor in the holding of cricketing events.
India has suspended cricketing ties with Pakistan several times following terrorist attacks or other hostilities. The resumption of cricketing ties in came with the emergence of heads of government in both India and Pakistan who were not directly connected with the war and coincided with their formal initiatives to normalize bilateral relations.
Shortly after a period of belligerency during the Operation Brasstacks war games , Pakistani president Zia-ul-Haq was invited to watch the India—Pakistan test match being played in the Indian city of Jaipur.
This form of cricket diplomacy has occurred several times afterwards as well. Pakistan toured India in , but an Indian tour of Pakistan in was cancelled mid-way due to the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. In the late s and for most of the s, India and Pakistan squared-off on neutral venues such as Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates and in Toronto , Canada , where large audiences of expatriates regularly watched them play.
The series between the teams in Canada in the s and early s were officially known as the "Friendship Cup". Sharjah even though a neutral venue was considered as the "back yard of Pakistan" given the close proximity and the massive support the team generated.
Prime Minister Vajpayee's peace initiative of led to India touring Pakistan after a gap of almost 15 years.
Subsequent exchange tours were held in and before the Mumbai attacks led to the suspension of India's planned tour of Pakistan in and all future engagements in Pakistan. India was scheduled to begin the tour of Pakistan from 13 January to 19 February , but was cancelled because of the tension existing between the two countries after the terrorist attacks in Mumbai.
Manmohan Singh. Pakistan have won 86 matches compared to India's 70 victories.